Whole-cell biocatalysis of GAA

Whole-cell biocatalysis of GAA

Creatine is a naturally occurring derivative of an amino acid commonly utilized in functional foods and pharmaceuticals. Nevertheless, the current industrial synthesis of creatine relies on chemical processes, which may hinder its utilization in certain applications. Therefore, a biological approach was devised that employs whole-cell biocatalysis in the bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum, which is considered safe for use in food production, to produce safe-for-consumption creatine. The objective of this study was to identify a guanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase (GAMT) with superior catalytic activity for creatine production. Through employing whole-cell biocatalysis, a gamt gene from Mus caroli (Mcgamt) was cloned and expressed in C. glutamicum ATCC 13032, resulting in a creatine titer of 3.37 g/L. Additionally, the study employed a promoter screening strategy that utilized nine native strong promoters in C. glutamicum to enhance the expression level of GAMT. The highest titer was achieved using the P1676 promoter, reaching 4.14 g/L. The conditions of whole-cell biocatalysis were further optimized, resulting in a creatine titer of 5.42 g/L. This is the first report of successful secretory creatine expression in C. glutamicum, which provides a safer and eco-friendly approach for the industrial production of creatine.

Li C, Sun P, Wei G, Zhu Y, Li J, Liu Y, Chen J, Deng Y. Efficient biosynthesis of creatine by whole-cell catalysis from guanidinoacetic acid in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology. 2024 Mar 1;9(1):99-107.

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