Tandem mass spectrometry for detection of GAA
Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder which results in global developmental delay and intellectual disability. There is evidence that early treatment prevents intellectual disability and seizures. GAMT deficiency is now being discussed as a potential addition to the U.S. Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP); the availability of suitable screening methods must be considered. A neonatal screening derivatized method to quantify creatine (CRE) and guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) in dried blood spots by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has been described. Its key feature is the ability to detect CRE and GAA in the same extract generated from neonatal DBS during amino acids (AA) and acylcarnitines (AC) analysis. More laboratories are adopting non-derivatized MS/MS screening methods. We describe an improved, non-derivatized DBS extraction and MS/MS analytical method (AAAC-GAMT) which incorporates quantitation of CRE and GAA into routine analysis of amino acids, acylcarnitines, and succinylacetone. The non-derivatized AAAC-GAMT method performs comparably to the stand-alone GAMT and non-derivatized AAAC screening methods, evidencing its potential suitability for high-throughput GAMT neonatal screening.
Asef CK, Khaksarfard KM, De Jesús VR. Non-derivatized Assay for the Simultaneous Detection of Amino Acids, Acylcarnitines, Succinylacetone, Creatine, and Guanidinoacetic Acid in Dried Blood Spots by Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Int J Neonatal Screen. 2016;2(4):13.