GAA content in various foods
Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is a natural amino acid derivative involved in several metabolic pathways across the human body, including creatine biosynthesis, arginine utilization, and neuromodulation. Apart from GAA synthesized internally from glycine and arginine, a total daily exposure to GAA also involves exogenous dietary sources. However, a majority of food databases provide no comprehensive data about the amount of GAA available from various foods. In this report, we summarize information for GAA levels in different food groups, as extracted from the available scientific literature. The content of GAA appears to vary across different foods, with meat-based products contain the highest relative amount of GAA (~50 mg per kg), followed by a dairy group (~0.3 mg per kg), and plant-based foods (~1 μg per kg), with the latter considered to be almost negligible. Although no data are currently available about its requirements in humans, cataloguing GAA amount in various foods could help in more accurate quantification of GAA provision via regular diet in the future.