Adding GAA to plant-based diets in broilers
Two consecutive trials were conducted to evaluate the effects of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation (a creatine precursor) and energy levels in broiler diets based on maize-soybean meal (Trial 1) or that additionally included poultry by-product meal (PBPM; Trial 2) on growth performance, carcass yield and breast meat quality to 41 days of age. A total of 792, one-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chickens were randomly distributed into six treatments – three energy levels (sufficient AMEn or 0.2 and 0.4 MJ/kg reduced AMEn) and two GAA levels (0.00% or 0.06%) with eight replicates for each trial. Reducing dietary energy resulted in poorer body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion ratios (FCR) for each trial (P < 0.05). However, GAA supplementation improved FCR, BWG and European Production Efficiency Factor (EPEF) (P < 0.05). Dietary energy level and GAA addition had no significant effect on carcass parameters, drip loss, pH and chemical composition of breast meat (P > 0.05), but decreased relative liver weight (P < 0.05). It was concluded that, regardless of dietary energy levels, supplementation of GAA to plant-based diets or those including PBPM has the potential to improve growth performance in broilers.
Çenesiz AA, Yavaş İ, Çiftci İ, Ceylan N, Taşkesen HO. Guanidinoacetic acid supplementation is favourable to broiler diets even containing poultry by-product meal. Br Poult Sci. 2020;61(3):311-319. doi: 10.1080/00071668.2020.1720909