GAA and creatine improve growth and meat quality
This study aimed to investigate the effects of creatine monohydrate (CMH) and guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation on the growth performance, meat quality, and creatine metabolism of finishing pigs. The pigs were randomly allocated to three treatment groups: the control group, CMH group, and GAA group. In comparison to the control group, CMH treatment increased average daily feed intake and GAA treatment increased average daily feed intake and average daily gain of pigs. In addition, CMH and GAA treatment increased pH45 min, myofibrillar protein solubility, and calpain 1 mRNA expression level and decreased the drip loss and shear force value in longissimus dorsi or semitendinosus muscle. Moreover, CMH and GAA supplementation increased the concentrations of creatine and phosphocreatine and the mRNA expressions of guanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase and creatine transporter in longissimus dorsi muscle, semitendinosus muscle, liver, or kidneys and decreased the mRNA expressions of arginine:glycine amidinotransferase in kidneys. In conclusion, CMH and GAA supplementation could improve the growth performance and meat quality and alter creatine metabolism of finishing pigs.
Li J, Zhang L, Fu Y, et al. Creatine Monohydrate and Guanidinoacetic Acid Supplementation Affects the Growth Performance, Meat Quality, and Creatine Metabolism of Finishing Pigs. J Agric Food Chem. 2018;66(38):9952-9959. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.8b02534