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GAA, nitrogen retention and methionine flux

Six ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (256 ± 14 kg) were used in a 6 × 6 Latin square design to assess effects of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation on N retention and methionine (Met) methyl group flux in growing cattle fed corn-based diets. Factorial treatments were 2 levels of Met (0 or 5 g/d) and 3 […]

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GAA-driven daily gain and feed efficiency

In this study, the authors investigated the effects of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) and betaine (BT) on growth performance, nutrient digestion, energy-nitrogen metabolism, and microbial protein synthesis in lambs. Forty-eight 3-month-old Dorper × Thin-tailed Han first crossbred generation ram lambs with similar body weight (22.03 ± 1.3 kg; mean ± SD) were randomly divided into 4 groups. […]

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GAA, betaine and creatine for cardioprotection

This study aimed to determine how guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) or its combined administration with betaine or creatine influences the cardiac function, morphometric parameters, and redox status of rats subjected to high-intensity interval training (HIIT). This research was conducted on male Wistar albino rats exposed to HIIT for 4 weeks. The animals were randomly divided into […]

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GAA improves growth performance

Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) exists naturally as a precursor of creatine, which possesses several biological functions. In the present study, the effects of dietary GAA supplementation on skeletal muscle mass and meat quality of lambs were investigated. The GAA supplementation increased final body weight, promoted muscle mass and changed the distribution of myofiber size. Meanwhile, elevated […]

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GAA intake affects free amino acid profile

As a nutritive feed additive, guanidine acetic acid (GAA) participates in the metabolism of energy and proteins. This study aimed to investigate the effects of GAA on growth performance, organ index, plasma and tissue free amino acid profiles, and related metabolites in finishing pigs. A total of 72 crossbred pigs (body weight 86.59 ± 1.16 kg) were randomly assigned […]

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Dietary GAA and growth in lambs

Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is the only precursor for the creatine synthesis of vertebrates. Creatine (Cr) and phosphocreatine (PCr) are able to provide energy for the rapid growth and development of the muscle tissue. This study evaluated the effects of dietary different levels GAA on growth performance, GAA absorption and creatine metabolism of lambs. Twenty-four 3-month-old […]

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GAA and creatine nitrate for energy status

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary creatine nitrate (CrN) on growth performance, meat quality, energy status, glycolysis, and related gene expression of liver kinase B1/AMP-activated protein kinase (LKB1/AMPK) pathway in Pectoralis major (PM) muscle of broilers. A total of 240 male Arbor Acres broilers (28-day-old) were randomly allocated to one of 5 […]

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GAA as a partial replacement to arginine

Guanidinoacetic acid is the direct precursor of creatine and can spare arginine (Arg) for creatine synthesis in low crude protein broiler diets. This study aimed to determine the extent GAA could spare Arg in broilers offered low crude protein diets and if supplemental betaine provides additional benefits. Seven hundred twenty-day-old Ross 308 male broilers were […]

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GAA can compensate for low dietary energy

This study compared the responses of broilers to diets supplemented with the same level of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) but formulated to have different N-corrected apparent metabolisable energy (AMEn) contents. The study involved 1280, one-day-old Ross 308 broilers, in 64 pens comprising 32 pens of males and 32 pens females, (20 birds in each) aged from […]

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GAA supplementation and nitrogen retention

Creatine stores high-energy phosphate bonds in muscle and is synthesized in the liver through methylation of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA). Supplementation of GAA may therefore increase methyl group requirements, and this may affect methyl group utilization. Our experiment evaluated the metabolic responses of growing cattle to postruminal supplementation of GAA, in a model where methionine (Met) […]

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