GAA Research Library

GAA, nitrogen retention and methionine flux

Six ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (256 ± 14 kg) were used in a 6 × 6 Latin square design to assess effects of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation on N retention and methionine (Met) methyl group flux in growing cattle fed corn-based diets. Factorial treatments were 2 levels of Met (0 or 5 g/d) and 3 […]

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GAA-driven daily gain and feed efficiency

In this study, the authors investigated the effects of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) and betaine (BT) on growth performance, nutrient digestion, energy-nitrogen metabolism, and microbial protein synthesis in lambs. Forty-eight 3-month-old Dorper × Thin-tailed Han first crossbred generation ram lambs with similar body weight (22.03 ± 1.3 kg; mean ± SD) were randomly divided into 4 groups. […]

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GAA and creatine in aquafeeds

Creatine is an amino acid derivate commonly found in vertebrate muscle tissue. Creatine facilitates the recycling of adenosine triphosphate and thus contributes to the energy supply of the muscles as well as the brain. Creatine is used as a supplement for several reasons and its effects in humans, particularly in sports medicine, have been studied […]

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GAA, betaine and creatine for cardioprotection

This study aimed to determine how guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) or its combined administration with betaine or creatine influences the cardiac function, morphometric parameters, and redox status of rats subjected to high-intensity interval training (HIIT). This research was conducted on male Wistar albino rats exposed to HIIT for 4 weeks. The animals were randomly divided into […]

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GAA improves growth performance

Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) exists naturally as a precursor of creatine, which possesses several biological functions. In the present study, the effects of dietary GAA supplementation on skeletal muscle mass and meat quality of lambs were investigated. The GAA supplementation increased final body weight, promoted muscle mass and changed the distribution of myofiber size. Meanwhile, elevated […]

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Processing mechanism of GAA in choroid plexus

GAA induces epileptogenesis and neurotoxicity in the brain. As epileptic animal models have been reported to show elevated cerebral GAA levels, the processing mechanism of GAA in the brain is important for maintaining brain homeostasis. We have revealed that GAA in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is removed by incorporation into the choroid plexus epithelial cells […]

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GAA intake affects free amino acid profile

As a nutritive feed additive, guanidine acetic acid (GAA) participates in the metabolism of energy and proteins. This study aimed to investigate the effects of GAA on growth performance, organ index, plasma and tissue free amino acid profiles, and related metabolites in finishing pigs. A total of 72 crossbred pigs (body weight 86.59 ± 1.16 kg) were randomly assigned […]

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GAA as multiple sclerosis therapeutics

Tackling impaired bioenergetics in multiple sclerosis (MS) has been recently recognized as an innovative approach with therapeutic potential. GAA is an experimental nutrient that plays a significant role in high-energy phosphate metabolism. The preliminary trials suggest beneficial effects of supplemental GAA in MS, with GAA augments biomarkers of brain energy metabolism and improves patient-reported features […]

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Degradation of GAA in engineered cells

Here the authors report the engineering of human red blood cells with an entire metabolic pathway as a potential strategy to treat patients with guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency, capable of reducing the high toxic levels of guanidinoacetate acid (GAA) and restoring proper creatine levels in blood and tissues. We first produced a recombinant form of […]

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Dietary GAA and growth in lambs

Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is the only precursor for the creatine synthesis of vertebrates. Creatine (Cr) and phosphocreatine (PCr) are able to provide energy for the rapid growth and development of the muscle tissue. This study evaluated the effects of dietary different levels GAA on growth performance, GAA absorption and creatine metabolism of lambs. Twenty-four 3-month-old […]

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